Vocabulary

Vocabulary Word Definition
Circuit a closed conducting loop which electric charges move through
Conductor a material/device that transmits electricity
Electric Current a flow of electricity, typically measured
Electric Discharge the release of electricity from a charged object
Electric Field a region around a charged particle or object
Electric Force the power of the electric field
Electric Power the rate of energy in an electrical circuit; measured in units of watts
Ion an atom or molecule w/ a net electric charge due to losing or gaining an electron
Insulator a material/device that doesn’t conduct electricity
Ohm's Law the current through a conductor between two points is directly proportional to the potential difference across the two points
Parallel Circuit a closed circuit in which the current divides into dif. paths before completing a full circuit
Resistance the ability to withstand electricity for a period of time
Series Circuit a closed circuit in which the current follows one path, as opposed to a parallel circuit where the circuit is divided into two or more paths
Static Charge The charge that accumulates on an object when it is rubbed against another object
Voltage an electromotive force or potential difference expressed in volts